Philosophy does not mean to reconstruct religion as we wants and as per our need. Prophesy ended and Islamic Laws has been completed and Quran is constitution of Islam. Ijtahad (the way to make consensus on new social or other kind of issues that humans can face) can not negate/replace verses of Quran and Sunah of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W). It is our weakness that we cannot follow or implement Sunah in our life as they should be. Allah knows our weakness and will forgive us as follower of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) or forgive us on practices and attempts as max as we can do to follow the rules of Islam and Sunah of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W).
The book, “The reconstruction of Islamic Thought” (By Allama Muhammad Iqbal) written on the lines of scientific methodology to proof Islam and concept of religious experiences. Yesterday, I had a very interesting and long discussion on the topic of Ijtahad on Prophesy and some other topics on social norms.
Prophesy has been over, Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) was, is and will be last prophet. And, it is very basic and key concept of Islam. Debate on continuity of prophesy, reflects the week concept of Islam and Quran. I respect all religions and those practices as they like, but discussion to violation the core concept of Islam is not acceptable. Study these Surah to understand the concept of Prophesy, Surah Al-Shoara, Surah Muhammad, Surah Al-Imran, Surah Al-Noor.
I would refer you to study, “Surah Nisah”, to understand social norms and we can take help to solve new social problem. We need to understand Arabic language to study “Surah Nisah” and in-case we don’t know Arabic language then we have to study translation of multiple authors have been translated in your language.